The Declaration was adopted, in the General Assembly of the United Nations, on 10 December 1948, from the need to commit governments to preventing the atrocities that had come to light at the end of the Second World War. It represents the first global expression of rights of which all human beings are inherently entitled.
All 48 nations voted in favour of the declaration, which marks the first global statement of rights to which all persons are inherently entitled. It consists of 30 articles that have acquired the force of law through subsequent international treaties, regional human rights instruments, national constitutions and other statutes. The commission was chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt, the widow of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The two first articles collect basic human rights principles, such as liberty, equality, dignity and non discrimination.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Following articles collect rights related to individual; individual rights in the community, rights to freedom of opinion and expression, rights to freedom of movement and residence, rights to freedom of religion, right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association; rights to social security, rights to participate in the cultural life, among others.
1. Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
2. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.